The History of Gambling From Ancient to Modern Times

No matter I like to do for fun in my life, nothing can come close to the thrill and adrenaline rush that I would get every time I go out to the local gambling casino to try my luck there. It seems like it must be genetically built in for us as human beings. This is when I started to research the history of gambling. Turns out that human beings have been gambling ever since recorded history.Archeologists were the first ones to find evidence of gambling behaviors in actual cavemen when they recovered dice-like objects that dated back over 41000 years ago that were made up animal bones. They also found cave paintings that depicted our ancestors performing gambling like behaviors. They even found pairs of dice that dated back to the Roman Empire. In fact during a period in Roman times it was required for parents to have their kids learn how to gamble. If this law were passed during modern times parents would be at an uproar over it, so in this aspect The roman empire was very liberal. In fact it was purported that ancient Roman soldiers actually gambled for the robes of Jesus.Evidence of gambling was even found over 4000 years ago in the chinese culture. Their game of chance was developed by using actual riles. The ancient Greeks were the most perplexing when it came to their gambling behaviors. Although Greek soldiers loved to gamble with dice games, Greek society for some reason made gambling illegal. For a very liberal society as the Greeks this behavior always puzzled me.As far as American gambling history the first gambling establishments back in early American times were called saloons. These saloons were not only important as hot gambling spots but they were a great place where weary travelers coming from all over the country could meet and make friends. In essence these saloons had started to become social areas where people could make long lasting bonds and associations for life. During the early part of the 20th century the American government for some reason felt that gambling should be banned so they made it so by passing a series of laws. In 1931 however, the government decided to make a compromise on this by making gambling legal in 2 states: Nevada and New Jersey. This is how these 2 states became famous gambling hubs with Atlantic City and Las Vegas leading the way.We owe our gambling beginnings to a few ancient cavemen that decided that it would be fun throwing a few modified animal bones around. Imagine that.

Solitaire Lexicon – A Glossary of Terms Used in Solitaire & Patience Card Games

When you play solitaire card games, you’ll come across a few terms which you may not be familiar with, but which can help you to understand and appreciate the game.Ascending Sequence
A run of cards that goes up in value (e.g. 9-10-J).Building
Playing one card (or group of cards) upon another, according to the rules of the game. Building may be specified one or more in several ways, according to the rules of a particular game:

By Alternate Color – Build red on black, or black on red, regardless of suit
By Color – Build red on red, or black on black, regardless of suit
By Suit – Cards must be played in a sequence of the same suit
Down – Cards must be played in a sequence of descending rank
Regardless of Suit – Build using rank alone, ignoring color and suit
Up – Cards must be played in a sequence of ascending rank Color
A standard deck has two colors: Hearts and Diamonds are red, Clubs and Spades are black.Column
A vertical pile or group of cards.Deal
To turn up cards from the deck and place them in the leayout.Deck
Most games use a standard 52-card deck of playing cards with no Jokers. There are also many games that use two 52-card decks shuffled together. A few games use non-standard or cut decks.Descending Sequence
A run of cards that goes down in value (e.g. J-10-9).Discard
Cards permanently removed from play.Face Card
A King, Queen, or Jack.Foundation
This is the ultimate destination for cards in many games. The Foundations may be part of the original layout, or they may be created during gameplay, according to the rules of the particular games.Hand
Cards remaining after a layout has been dealt. A hand must generally be kept face down until called for in the game.Layout
The initial ordering or placement of the cards on the table (or screen). The layout includes the stock, wastepile, foundations, tableau, and reserve.Pack
Another name for a deck of cards.Patience
A single-player card game. Known as “solitaire” in America.Rank
The numerical order of the cards is generally A-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-J-Q-K, with the ace ranked lowest, and the king ranked highest. In some games the ranking is continuous — downwards from 3-2-A to K-Q-J, or upwards from J-Q-K to A-2-3. Also, in some games the ace is ranked above the king. In still other games, the ace may be ranked at the top or at the bottom as a player chooses.Redeal
To pick up cards from the layout and them re-deal them. In some games the cards must be picked up in a specified order. Also, some games the cards are shuffled between redeals, and in others they are not.Reserve
Some games include a reserve, which is generally pre-filled with cards from the stock during the initial deal. These cards can often only be removed from the reserve in specific ways, which vary from game to game.Row
A horizontal pile or group of cards.Shuffle
To randomize the cards in a deck. This is typically done be hand, by splitting the deck into halves and then riffling them back together a few times. A mechanical card-shuffler may also be used. In computer solitaire, the shuffling is performed by a random-number generator.Solitaire
A single-player card game. Known as “patience” in England.Stock
Where the cards are dealt from. At the start of a hand, the stock contains the entire deck (or decks). In general, cards are removed from the stock and played to the foundations, tableau, or waste, until the stock is empty.Suit
A standard deck of playing cards has four suits: Hearts ?, Diamonds ?, Clubs ?, and Spades ?. Each suit has 13 cards (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, A).Tableau
Single cards, groups of cards, or piles of cards, each of which may be manipulated as described in each game. The tableau is generally the part of each game that gives it its own distinct flavor.Value
The numerical value of a card. For number cards the value is simply the face value of the card (2, 3, 4, etc.). For the other cards, the ace generally has a value of 1, a jack has a value of 11, a queen has a value of 12, and a king has a value of 13.Wastepile
In many games, if a card cannot be played to a foundation or tableau pile, it is moved to a wastepile.Winning
This varies by game, but generally involves: putting all the cards into some predefined order; filling the foundations; or removing all the cards from the tableau.

Wooden Board Games – Top 3 Best Sellers

The three best sellers according to records reported by a section of the online business community were1. Shove Halfpenny.Shove halfpenny is a wooden board game that has been a popular pastime for centuries. In medieval England it was such a popular gambling game that the board had to be kept in a room at the back of the Inn so that only trustworthy customers could play. King Henry the VIII of England was a regular player, and history records that even he had to lay out significant sums of money to courtiers who had the skill (and no small amount of courage) to beat him.2. Backgammon.Backgammon has been played by Ancient Civilisations, including the Egyptians and can be dated back to 3000BC. Many civilisations had games that would combine the use of dice and markers to play territorial “war” games where opponents were able to develop strategies of defence and attack. However, by the 18th Century it became very popular among English clergy.3. Chess.Chess dates back to 2000BC in India and Persia and was known as chaturanga. The original Chess Pieces were of carved Horses, Chariots, Elephants and Infantry Soldiers. Chess as we now know it came in to being about 2000 years ago.Throughout history some form of board game has been played as a leisure pastime by most civilised societies. Some were even being played before the civilisation had developed their literacy skills. The same basic concepts exist today and many of the ancient board games have transformed into the ones that we play today.Wood as a material was abundant in most regions and was commonly used as a material of choice and has the benefit of great longevity and style.Many of these traditional wooden board games are seeing a revival in popularity today due to the keenness of parents to provide an alternative to electronic games.